To follow along with this documentation, you can use this namespace to with the needed requires:

(ns docs.kvstore
  (:require [org.apache.clojure-mxnet.kvstore :as kvstore]
            [org.apache.clojure-mxnet.ndarray :as ndarray]
            [org.apache.clojure-mxnet.context :as context]))

Basic Push and Pull

Provides basic operation over multiple devices (GPUs) on a single device.


Let’s consider a simple example. It initializes a (int, NDArray) pair into the store, and then pulls the value out.

(def kv (kvstore/create "local")) ;; create a local kvstore
(def shape [2 3])
;;; init the kvstore with a vector of keys (strings) and ndarrays
(kvstore/init kv ["3"] [(ndarray/* (ndarray/ones shape) 2)])
(def a (ndarray/zeros shape))
(kvstore/pull kv ["3"] [a])
(ndarray/->vec a) ;=> [2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0]

Push, Aggregation, and Updater

For any key that’s been initialized, you can push a new value with the same shape to the key, as follows:

(kvstore/push kv ["3"] [(ndarray/* (ndarray/ones shape) 8)])
(kvstore/pull kv ["3"] [a])
(ndarray/->vec a);=>[8.0 8.0 8.0 8.0 8.0 8.0]

The data that you want to push can be stored on any device. Furthermore, you can push multiple values into the same key, where KVStore first sums all of these values, and then pushes the aggregated value, as follows (Here we use multiple cpus):

(def cpus [(context/cpu 0) (context/cpu 1) (context/cpu 2)])
(def b [(ndarray/ones shape {:ctx (nth cpus 0)})
        (ndarray/ones shape {:ctx (nth cpus 1)})
        (ndarray/ones shape {:ctx (nth cpus 2)})])
(kvstore/push kv ["3" "3" "3"] b)
(kvstore/pull kv "3" a)
(ndarray/->vec a) ;=> [3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0]


You’ve already seen how to pull a single key-value pair. Similar to the way that you use the push command, you can pull the value into several devices with a single call.

(def b [(ndarray/ones shape {:ctx (context/cpu 0)})
        (ndarray/ones shape {:ctx (context/cpu 1)})])
(kvstore/pull kv ["3" "3"] b)
(map ndarray/->vec b) ;=> ([3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0] [3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0 3.0])

List Key-Value Pairs

All of the operations that we’ve discussed so far are performed on a single key. KVStore also provides the interface for generating a list of key-value pairs. For a single device, use the following:

(def ks ["5" "7" "9"])
(kvstore/init kv ks [(ndarray/ones shape) (ndarray/ones shape) (ndarray/ones shape)])
(kvstore/push kv ks [(ndarray/ones shape) (ndarray/ones shape) (ndarray/ones shape)])
(def b [(ndarray/zeros shape) (ndarray/zeros shape) (ndarray/zeros shape)])
(kvstore/pull kv ks b)
(map ndarray/->vec b);=> ([1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0] [1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0] [1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0])