mean(a, axis=None, dtype=None, out=None, keepdims=False)

Compute the arithmetic mean along the specified axis. Returns the average of the array elements. The average is taken over the flattened array by default, otherwise over the specified axis.

  • a (ndarray) – ndarray containing numbers whose mean is desired.

  • axis (None or int or tuple of ints, optional) – Axis or axes along which the means are computed. The default is to compute the mean of the flattened array. If this is a tuple of ints, a mean is performed over multiple axes, instead of a single axis or all the axes as before.

  • dtype (data-type, optional) – Type to use in computing the mean. For integer inputs, the default is of your current default dtype, When npx.is_np_default_dtype() returns False, default dtype is float32, When npx.is_np_default_dtype() returns True, default dtype is float64; For floating point inputs, it is the same as the input dtype.

  • out (ndarray, optional) – Alternate output array in which to place the result. The default is None; if provided, it must have the same shape and type as the expected output.

  • keepdims (bool, optional) – If this is set to True, the axes which are reduced are left in the result as dimensions with size one. With this option, the result will broadcast correctly against the input array. If the default value is passed, then keepdims will not be passed through to the mean method of sub-classes of ndarray, however any non-default value will be. If the sub-class method does not implement keepdims any exceptions will be raised.


  • m (ndarray, see dtype parameter above) – If out=None, returns a new array containing the mean values, otherwise a reference to the output array is returned.

  • .. note:: – This function differs from the original numpy.mean in the following way(s):

    • only ndarray is accepted as valid input, python iterables or scalar is not supported

    • default data type for integer input is float32 or float64, which depends on your current default dtype


>>> a = np.array([[1, 2], [3, 4]])
>>> np.mean(a)
>>> a = np.zeros((2, 512*512), dtype=np.float32)
>>> a[0,:] = 1.0
>>> a[1,:] = 0.1
>>> np.mean(a)
>>> np.mean(a, dtype=np.float64)
array(0.55, dtype=float64)